Phusion Passenger – first impressions

Okay, as I recently mentioned, I’m tired of Mongrel for my Rails apps, so I’m going with Phusion Passenger.

The install was actually tremendously more difficult than they claimed, but I attribute that to my own lack of smarts. I am running on Debian, and installed ruby via the source, but had another version of ruby I’d installed via apt-get (it’s over two years old, hence my desire to install from source), and libopenssl-ruby also installed via apt-get. Somehow or another the ruby I installed from source didn’t pick up openssl support, but debian thought it was there, so when Phusion Passenger’s install told me Just type ‘apt-get install libopenssl-ruby’, I got frustrated fast…. I removed the packages and reinstalled ruby from source and all seems to be well now.

Another minor issue, and one I still don’t fully get, is that while Passenger is supposedly running as my main user, it can’t seem to read things that aren’t world-readable, even if I am the file’s owner! A few permissions tweaks (chmod -R 755 app_dir did the trick, but I’m not sure it’s the best idea) fixed this, but it was still a small point of confusion.

The really interesting issue with Phusion Passenger is that if you’re security-minded like I am, it does not work. My base Apache config includes this:

# Tighten access to the file system.
<Directory />
  # Forbid default access to file system locations
  Order Deny,Allow
  Deny from all
  Options -Indexes
</Directory>

Well, I’m a dummy, so I don’t realize why my Passenger-driven apps are “running”, but unable to access their javascripts, style sheets, images, etc. After a long while of searching, I found that the errors were happening because my default behavior was to disallow everything from being viewed. The really bad part here? It’s clearly spelled out in the troubleshooting section of their guide….

Now, in a normal Rails app, the Rails code handles static files, so you can keep your blindingly-high security in place. But Passenger is meant to be speedy, and letting Apache just serve static content directly is way faster than letting Rails do it.

So to fix this, one just has to say that the given app’s directory is allowed to be viewed:

<Directory /path/to/rails/app/public>
  Options FollowSymLinks
  AllowOverride None
  Order allow,deny
  Allow from all
</Directory>

The following of symlinks and AllowOverride settings are of course a matter of personal preference and security, but you must have the other two lines to let Apache server your static content!


Okay, I’ve had things running for a few hours now, and I’m having a few weird issues. One time when I restarted apache, Passenger simply didn’t start up for some weird reason. A new Rails app I built kept thinking it had bad permissions – I reset the whole dir tree to 777, then 755, then all was well again for no obvious reason. (Yes, I had already set it to 755. I think. Maybe.)


So aside from these issues (which are hopefully just due to my almost nonexistent linux admin experience), so far I’m liking Passenger. I have no idea how it would handle a traffic spike or if it has issues with rarely-used apps, but its Rails-centric approach makes it much nicer for a dummy like me to use. Configuration is a breeze, it auto-spawns and auto-destroys Rails processes as necessary, keeping me from needing to manage memory, it spawns the Rails framework separately from the app, allowing a huge memory savings on multiple apps that use the same Rails version, and it has a really helpful memory stat tool to see how much my apps are really hurting things.

Only the coming months will tell if it’s as solid as Mongrel usually was, but even if it’s only as good (i.e., crashes for no obvious reasons once in a while), I’m sticking with it for its nice configuration options.

3 Replies to “Phusion Passenger – first impressions”

  1. Hi.

    It seems that most of the “problems” people have with Passenger are Apache security settings that are too strict (which is the Apache default) and/or permission problems. As much as we’d like to make the experience works-out-of-the-box, there’s really nothing we can do about incorrect Apache configurations or permission problems (unless you allow us to remove all the security options and making all files on your system world-readable, but I think that would do more harm than good ;-) ).

    As for your permission problems: have you tried chmodding the parent directories as well?

  2. Yeah, the security settings were totally my lack of experience. The weird issue with the Rails app acting funny until I reset its perms to 755 I still can’t figure out. But I also haven’t seen it happen again, so I’m going to assume I was just doing something wrong. and didn’t realize it. With my experience using Linux and Apache, that’s the answer 95% of the time :P

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